How Is Periodontal Disease Treated?
There are many treatments available for periodontal disease, ranging from deep cleaning to a dental surgery known as a gum graft. The best treatment depends on the stage of the disease. Mild periodontal disease may be controlled by deep cleaning, but more serious cases often need surgery and possibly tooth removal.
Dr. Omid will decide which treatment(s) are best for you after your exam.
What Happens If I Don’t Treat My Periodontal Disease?
Moderate and severe periodontal disease will worsen over time if left untreated. The receding gums often cause teeth to loosen and need removal. Teeth may also need to be removed if the infection spreads to them from the gums.
The consequences can also go far beyond dental health. The constant inflammation weakens your immune system and can lead to other serious infections.
Furthermore, the infection from the periodontal disease itself can spread from your gums into your bloodstream. This increases your chances of having a stroke or a heart attack. It can increase your chances of developing rheumatoid arthritis. Finally, the infection can spread to your respiratory system and cause you to develop emphysema, pneumonia, and other serious respiratory conditions.
Can Periodontal Disease Be Prevented?
Good dental hygiene helps prevent the development of periodontal disease. This means brushing twice a day, rinsing with mouthwash, and flossing daily. Regular dentist visits can catch the disease before it takes hold. Some people, such as diabetics, are more at risk of developing periodontal disease due to underlying medical conditions.
Genetics and age also play a role in the development of gum disease. Smokers are much more likely than nonsmokers to develop periodontal disease.